Impact of Wages and Social Compliance on Employee Job Satisfaction in the Readymade Garments Industry of Bangladesh: The Mediating Role of Employee Motivation Md. Rabiul Islam

Dhaka University Journal of Management

Vol. 15 , No. 1 & 2, January 2023 – December 2023
https://doi.org/10.57240/DUJMV15A5

Impact of Wages and Social Compliance on Employee Job
Satisfaction in the Readymade Garments Industry of Bangladesh:
The Mediating Role of Employee Motivation
Md. Rabiul Islam, PhD1

Received on 27th March 2023, Accepted on 2nd July 2023, Publised on 31st Dec 2023

Abstract: Despite rapid expansion, the ready-made garments (RMG) sector in Bangladesh
is struggling to keep its workers satisfied. The purpose of this research is to examine the
intermediary function of employee motivation in the relationship between wages and social
compliance and job satisfaction in Bangladesh’s RMG sector. This study’s overarching goal is
to examine the mediating function of employee motivation in the connection between wages,
social compliance, employee motivation, and employee job satisfaction in the RMG sector of
Bangladesh. This study uses a quantitative methodology, collecting data from 475 workers in
the Bangladeshi garments sector, and analyzes it with partial least squares structural equation
modeling (PLS-SEM). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data, and SmartPLS
4.0 was used for statistical analysis. The results show that wages and social compliance have
a beneficial influence on worker drive and contentment. In addition, in the RMG sector of
Bangladesh, the connection between pay, societal conformity, and job satisfaction is mediated
by employees’ levels of motivation. The study suggests that RMG factories should focus on
providing fair wages and ensuring social compliance to improve employee motivation and job
satisfaction. Additionally, it is recommended that management should encourage employee
motivation through training and development programs, recognition, and rewards to enhance
job satisfaction.
Keywords: Wages, Social Compliance, Employee Job Satisfaction, Employee Motivation,
Readymade Garments Industry, Bangladesh.

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